Rheological behaviour of ethylene glycol-titanate nanotube nanofluids
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Experimental work has been performed on the rheological behaviour of ethylene glycol based nanofluids containing titanate nanotubes over 20–60 °C and a particle mass concentration of 0–8%. It is found that the nanofluids show shear-thinning behaviour particularly at particle concentrations in excess of ~2%. Temperature imposes a very strong effect on the rheological behaviour of the nanofluids with higher temperatures giving stronger shear thinning. For a given particle concentration, there exists a certain shear rate below which the viscosity increases with increasing temperature, whereas the reverse occurs above such a shear rate. The normalised high-shear viscosity with respect to the base liquid viscosity, however, is independent of temperature. Further analyses suggest that the temperature effects are due to the shear-dependence of the relative contributions to the viscosity of the Brownian diffusion and convection. The analyses also suggest that a combination of particle aggregation and particle shape effects is the mechanism for the observed high-shear rheological behaviour, which is also supported by the thermal conductivity measurements and analyses.
KeywordsRheological behaviour Ethylene glycol Titanate nanotube Nanofluid Thermal conductivity
The work was partially supported by UK EPSRC under grants EP/E00041X/1 and EP/F015380/1.
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