Superficial Fungal Infections in a French Teaching Hospital in Grenoble Area: Retrospective Study on 5470 Samples from 2001 to 2011
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Superficial fungal infections are predominantly caused by dermatophytes, but the spectrum of species involved is depending on geographic areas and lifestyle. Only few studies have recently described the French epidemiology of these infections, especially dermatophytosis.
To determine the epidemiological situation of superficial fungal infections and the spectrum of dermatophytes in Grenoble area.
A retrospective study of mycological laboratory records from January 2001 to December 2011 was carried out among patients with suspected fungal infections in the Grenoble University Hospital. Samples (skin scrapings, nail clippings and hair specimens) were collected, and mycological analyses were carried out by conventional methods.
A total of 5470 samples collected from 3740 patients were analysed. Among the 1984 (36.3 %) positive cultures, dermatophytes were identified in 1348/1984 (67.9 %) samples, non-dermatophytes in 636/1984 (32.1 %) samples (yeasts 24.4 %, moulds 7.7 %). Toenails and feet were the most frequent localizations collected (2032 samples, 37.1 %, 1181 samples, 21.5 %).
These data show the predominance (more than 92.6 %) of anthropophilic dermatophytes (Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton interdigitale and Trichophyton tonsurans). Trichophyton rubrum was the most commonly (78.6 %) isolated dermatophyte. Among zoophilic dermatophytes, Trichophyton verrucosum and Microsporum persicolor were regularly isolated.
KeywordsSuperficial mycoses Dermatophytes Epidemiology France Grenoble area
We thank Sabine Durville for critically editing the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
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