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Mycopathologia

, Volume 177, Issue 3–4, pp 199–206 | Cite as

Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto Isolated from Soil in an Armadillo’s Burrow

  • Anderson Messias Rodrigues
  • Eduardo Bagagli
  • Zoilo Pires de Camargo
  • Sandra de Moraes Gimenes Bosco
Article

Abstract

Sporotrichosis is a polymorphic disease of man and animals caused by traumatic implantation of propagules into the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Pathogenic species includes S. brasiliensis, S. schenckii, S. globosa and S. luriei. The disease is remarkable for its occurrence as sapronoses and/or zoonosis outbreaks in tropical and subtropical areas; although, the ecology of the clinical clade is still puzzling. Here, we describe an anamorphic Sporothrix strain isolated from soil in an armadillo’s burrow, which was located in a hyper endemic area of Paracoccidioidomycosis in Brazil. This isolate was identified as S. schenckii sensu stricto (Clade IIa) based on morphological and physiological characteristics and phylogenetic analyses of calmodulin sequences. We then discuss the role of the nine-banded armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus as a natural carrier of Sporothrix propagules to better understand Sporothrix sources in nature and reveal essential aspects about the pathogen’s eco-epidemiology.

Keywords

Armadillo Sporothrix schenckii Soil Sporotrichosis Eco-epidemiology Ecology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

A.M.R is a fellow and acknowledges the financial support of the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP-2011/07350-1). E.B and S.M.G.B (FAPESP-1998/03695-8), and Z.P.C acknowledge the financial support of FAPESP (2009/54024-2). The authors also thanks to Professor Mario Rubens Guimarães Montenegro (in memorian) for histopathology analysis and helpful discussions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anderson Messias Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Eduardo Bagagli
    • 2
  • Zoilo Pires de Camargo
    • 1
  • Sandra de Moraes Gimenes Bosco
    • 2
  1. 1.Disciplina de Biologia Celular, Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e ParasitologiaUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia, Instituto de Biociências de BotucatuUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)BotucatuBrazil

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