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Mycopathologia

, Volume 177, Issue 1–2, pp 65–74 | Cite as

Dermatophytosis in Military in the Central-West Region of Brazil: Literature Review

  • Diniz Pereira LeiteJr.
  • Janaina Vasconcellos R. de Souza Amadio
  • Sara de Almeida Alves Simões
  • Sebastião Martins de Araújo
  • Nicolina Maria Rodrigues da Silva
  • Mariana Cazelli Anzai
  • Rosane Christine Hahn
Article

Abstract

Background

Dermatophytes represent a group of keratinophilic fungi capable of invading the superficial layer of the skin, hair, and nails of humans and animals. There is a high prevalence of dermatomycosis in tropical regions, and military personnel are susceptible to this kind of infection due to the type of occupational activities.

Objective

This study was to investigate dermatophytosis in military, in addition to predisposing factors to such infections.

Methods

The direct examination of the 221 samples obtained was conducted by preparing fresh slides, clarified with KOH. The clinical materials were seeded in duplicate in SDA and in Mycosel agar medium. The identification of the etiologic agents was performed according to the Riddell technique.

Results

99/221 (44.8 %) of the dermatophyte infection agents distributed in the three taxonomic genera that cause Tinea were recovered. The Trichophyton genus was the most representative and T. rubrum species 33 (33.3 %), the most prevalent. The other species found were as follows: T. tonsurans 13 (13.1 %), T. verrucosum 11 (11.1 %), T. interdigitale 9 (9.1 %), and T. mentagrophytes 6 (6.1 %). Among the most affected anatomical sites were skin 83 (83.8 %) and nails 17 (17.2 %).

Conclusions

Dermatophyte infections are common disorders in tropical countries. These infections lead to a variety of clinical manifestations. This study reports the incidence of dermatophytosis in the military personnel in the Central-West Region of Brazil. The occupational activities of the military individuals, in addition to the hot and humid climate of the region, can predispose them to infection by these fungal entities.

Keywords

Military Dermatophytes Tineas Central-West Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support for this study was provided by FAPEMAT—Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa no Estado de Mato Grosso [State of Mato Grosso Foundation for the Support of Science].

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diniz Pereira LeiteJr.
    • 1
  • Janaina Vasconcellos R. de Souza Amadio
    • 1
  • Sara de Almeida Alves Simões
    • 1
  • Sebastião Martins de Araújo
    • 1
  • Nicolina Maria Rodrigues da Silva
    • 1
  • Mariana Cazelli Anzai
    • 1
  • Rosane Christine Hahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Investigation, Laboratory of Mycology, Faculty of MedicineFederal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)CuiabáBrazil

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