Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 3131–3151 | Cite as

A security-based steganographic scheme in vector quantization coding between correlated neighboring blocks

  • Cheng-Ta Huang
  • Li-Chiun Lin
  • De-En Sun
  • Shiuh-Jeng WangEmail author


With the growth of the Internet and the advancements in modern communication systems, sending data over the Internet or other media is now a commonplace practice. Consequently, it has become an important issue to secure the confidentiality and integrity of data because the data are sent via the Internet as a primary method of communication. This paper proposes a steganographic method based on the vector quantization coding compression algorithm with elastic indicators, which also incorporates a keystream to enhance security. Our experimental results have shown that the proposed method performs more effectively compared to the method proposed by Lee et al. in 2013.


Vector quantization Information hiding Image compression Huffman coding Elastic indicator 



This research was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China under the Grant MOST 106-2221-E-015-001-, and Oriental Institute of Technology under the Grant 106-7-11-102.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-Ta Huang
    • 1
  • Li-Chiun Lin
    • 2
  • De-En Sun
    • 3
  • Shiuh-Jeng Wang
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Information ManagementOriental Institute of TechnologyNew Taipei CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Information Cryptology Construction Laboratory, Department of Information ManagementCentral Police UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Information ManagementCentral Police UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan

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