Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 7, pp 8259–8271 | Cite as

Caricature generation utilizing the notion of anti-face

  • Vlasis Gogousis
  • Anastasios Tefas


The production of caricatures is a particularly interesting field of art, because it aims to highlight the very essence of a given face. Caricature generation systems traditionally rely on two approaches: they either follow extracted rules through learning algorithms, or follow rules that were directly programmed by experts. This paper attempts to reduce the reliance on heuristic methods, by proposing a novel method that provides a set of well-defined rules, which can be put to use for the purpose of caricature generation. The method is based on the notion of anti-face in conjunction with unbiased distortions. In addition, we indicate the usefulness of the anti-face as a means to perceive, for our own sake, the degree to which our face seems peculiar to others. Finally, we deploy a reverse variant of the method in order to attain beautification.


Caricature generation Automatic Anti-face Average face Unbiased distortions Face oddity Beautification 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of InformaticsAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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