Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 1639–1658 | Cite as

HEVC-based lossless intra coding for efficient still image compression

  • Abhilash AntonyEmail author
  • Sreelekha G


Latest advancements in capture and display technologies demand better compression techniques for the storage and transmission of still images and video. High efficiency video coding (HEVC) is the latest video compression standard developed by the joint collaborative team on video coding (JCTVC) with this objective. Although the main design goal of HEVC is the compression of high resolution video, its performance in still image compression is at par with state-of-the-art still image compression standards. This work explores the possibility of incorporating the efficient intra prediction techniques employed in HEVC into the compression of high resolution still images. In the lossless coding mode of HEVC, sample- based angular intra prediction (SAP) methods have shown better prediction accuracy compared to the conventional block-based prediction (BP). In this paper, we propose an improved sample-based angular intra prediction (ISAP), which enhances the accuracy of the highly crucial intra prediction within HEVC. The experimental results show that ISAP in lossless compression of still images outclasses archival tools, state-of-the-art image compression standards and other HEVC-based lossless image compression codecs.


HEVC Intra prediction Quadtree decomposition Prediction residual ISAP 


  1. 1.
    Alzahir S, Borici A (2015) An innovative lossless compression method for discrete-color images. IEEE Trans Circuits Image Process 24(1):44–56MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benjamin B, Philipp H, Simon O, Tung N, Detlev M, Heiko S, Thomas W (2012) Quadtree structures and improved techniques for motion representation and entropy coding in HEVC. Int Conf Consum Electron(ICCE):26–30Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bossen F (2013) Common test conditions and software reference configurations. joint collaborative team on video coding JCTVC-L1100, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bross B, Ohm JR, Sullivan GJ, Han WJ, Wiegand T (2013) High efficiency video coding text specification draft 10. Joint collaborative team on video coding JCTVC-L1003, 12th Meeting, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Budagavi M, Fuldseth A, Bjontegaard G, Vivienne S, Sadafale M (2013) Core transform design for the high efficiency video coding (HEVC) standard. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Process 7(6):1029–1041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    David S (2007) Data compression: The complete reference, 4th edn. Springer, BerlinzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hang HM, Peng WH, Chan CH, Chen CC (2010) Towards the next video standard: high efficiency video coding. Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference(APSIPA):609–618Google Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    JPEG core experiment for the evaluation of JPEG XR image coding: set of 10 images in bmp format .
  10. 10.
    JPEG-LS Reference Encoder - V.1.00 .
  11. 11.
    Kim I-K (2014) High efficiency video coding (HEVC) test model 15 (HM15) encoder description. joint collaborative team on video coding JCTVC-Q1002, 17th Meeting, ValenciaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kodak Lossless True Color Image Suite: set of 24 images in png format.
  13. 13.
    Lainema J, Bossen F, Han W-J, Min J, Ugur K (2012) Intra coding of the HEVC standard. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 22:1792–1801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li F, Shi G,Wu F (2011) An efficient VLSI architecture for 4 × 4 intra prediction in the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard. 18th IEEE Int Conf Image Process (ICIP) 373-376Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Martchenko A, Deng G (2013) Bayesian predictor combination for lossless image compression. IEEE Trans Circuits Image Process 22(12):5263–5270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Open-source JPEG-2000 codec, openjpeg Ver 2.1.0 .
  17. 17.
    Pourazad MT, Doutre C, Azimi M, Nasiopoulos P (2012) HEVC: the new gold standard for video compression: How does HEVC compare with H.264/AVC? IEEE Consum Electron Mag 1(3):36–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Richardson IE (2010) The H.264 advanced video compression standard, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sanchez V, Bartrina-Rapesta J (2014) Lossless compression of medical images based on HEVC intra coding. IEEE Int Conf Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) 6622–6626Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sole J, Joshi R, Nguyen N, Tianying J, Karczewicz M, Clare G, Henr F, Alberto D (2012) Transform coefficient coding in HEVC. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 22(12):1765–1777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sullivan GJ, Ohm J, Han W-J, Wiegand T (2012) Overview of the High efficiency video coding (HEVC) standard. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 22 (12):1649–1668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T.835 : Information technology - JPEG XR image coding system - Reference software .
  23. 23.
    Wige E, Yammine G, Amon P, Hutter A, Kaup A (2013) Sample-based weighted prediction with directional template matching for HEVC lossless coding. Picture Coding Symposium (PCS):305–308Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wu X, Memon N (1997) Context-based, adaptive, lossless image coding. IEEE Trans Commun 45(4):437–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yan C, Zhang Y, Xu J, Dai F, Li L, Dai Q, Feng W (2014) A highly parallel framework for HEVC coding unit partitioning tree decision on many-core processors. IEEE Signal Process Lett 21(5):573–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yan C, Zhang Y, Xu J, Dai F, Zhang J, Dai Q, Feng W (2014) Efficient parallel framework for HEVC motion estimation on many-core processors. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 24(12):2077–2089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yao Y, Li X, Lu Y (2014) Fast intra mode decision algorithm for HEVC based on dominant edge assent distribution. Multimedia Tools and Applications:1–19. doi: 10.1007/s11042-014-2382-7
  28. 28.
    Zhou M (2011) Sample-based angular prediction (SAP) for HEVC lossless coding. Joint collaborative team on video coding JCTVC-G093, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhou M (2012) Method of frame-based lossless coding mode for HEVC. Joint collaborative team on video coding JCTVC-H0083, San JoseGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhou M, Gao W, Jiang M, Haoping Y (2012) HEVC lossless coding and improvements. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 22(12):1839–1843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhao XO, He ZH (2010) Lossless image compression using super-spatial structure prediction. IEEE Signal Process Lett 17(4):383–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyCalicutIndia

Personalised recommendations