Metal Science and Heat Treatment

, Volume 47, Issue 11–12, pp 507–511 | Cite as

Effect of austenite deformation and chemical composition on the microstructure and hardness of low-carbon and ultralow-carbon bainitic steels

  • P. P. Suikkanen
  • J. I. Kömi
  • L. P. Karjalainen


The effect of hot deformation and chemical composition on the microstructure and hardness of experimental grades of low-carbon and ultralow-carbon C-Mn-Mo-Nb-B steels is studied by the method of physical simulation. It is shown that deformation of austenite at a temperature below that of recrystallization leads to formation of polygonal ferrite and high-temperature ferrite with bainitic morphology. The effect is the most pronounced in boron-bearing steels. Simultaneous alloying with Mo, Nb, and B seems to be the most effective for ensuring high hardness.


Microstructure Ferrite Austenite Recrystallization Transport Phenomenon 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. P. Suikkanen
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. I. Kömi
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. P. Karjalainen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Rautaruukki OyjRaaheFinland

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