Modeling Displacement and Direction Aware Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Standard for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks


The mobile ad hoc network (MANETs) is increasingly emerging wireless standards with the immense extent of applications. The MANET routing experiences disputes in terms of their autonomous nature and due to the presence of diverse routing schemes. The reactive routing standards are chosen due to minimized control overheads and expandability but they experience regular path breakdowns because of increased displacement of the nodes. For minimizing the connection breakdowns and to acquire a constant path a fresh reactive routing standard is designed based on hierarchy based displacements. The designed displacement and magnitude aware ad hoc on demand distance vector routing standard intends to address the displacements and magnitude features over the ad hoc networks. The DDC – AODV directs the path identification and path acknowledgment based on the displacement of the contributing nodes and their magnitudes. The NS2 offers two load assessment employing assessments to explore the consequences and benefits of DDC – AODV over the AODV standards.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


  1. 1.

    Chiang M (2005) Balancing transport and physical layers in wireless multihop networks: jointly optimal congestion control and power control. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 23(1):104–116

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Gomez J, Campbell AT (2007) Variable-range transmission power control in wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans Mob Comput 6(1):87–99

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zhang X, Anpalagan A, Guo L, Khwaja AS (2015) Energy-efficient cooperative MAC protocol based on power control in MANETs. In: Proceedings of the IEEE 29th international conference on advanced information networking and applications (AINA ‘15). IEEE, Gwangju, Republic of Korea, pp 48–53

  4. 4.

    Gui J, Liu A (2012) A new distributed topology control algorithm based on optimization of delay and energy in wireless networks. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing 72(8):1032–1044

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    De-yun G, Lin-Juan Z, Hwang-cheng W (2011) Energy saving with node sleep and power control mechanisms for wireless sensor networks. The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications 18(1):49–59

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Wu S, Tseng P, Chou Z (2005) Distributed power management protocols for multi-hop mobile ad hoc networks. Comput Netw 47(1):63–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ray NK, Turuk AK (2009) A review on energy-efficient MAC protocols for wireless LANs. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on industrial and information systems (ICIIS ‘09), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, pp 137–141

  8. 8.

    Krunz M, Muqattash A, Lee SJ (2004) Transmission power control in wireless ad hoc networks: challenges, solutions, and open issues. IEEE Network Magazine 18(5):8–14

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Zheng R, Kravets R (2005) On-demand power management for ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Netw 3(1):51–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Santi P (2005) Topology control in wireless ad hoc and sensor networks. ACM Comput Surv 37(2):164–194

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Xu Y, Heidemann J, Estrin D (2001) Geography-informed energy conservation for ad hoc routing. In: Proceedings of the 7th annual ACM/IEEE international conference on mobile computing and networking (MobiCom ‘01), Rome, Italy, pp 70–84

  12. 12.

    Chen B, Jamieson K, Balakrishnan H, Morris R (2002) SPAN: an energy efficient co-ordination algorithm for topology maintenance in ad hoc wireless networks. ACM, Wireless Networks Journal 8(5):481–494

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Bao L, Garcia-Luna-Aceves JJ (2010) Stable energy-aware topology management in ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Netw 8(3):313–327

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Sahoo PK, Sheu J-P, Hsieh K-Y (2007) Power control based topology construction for the distributed wireless sensor networks. Comput Commun 30(14–15):2774–2785

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Ko ZHM aY (2012) Adaptive neighbor-based topology control protocol for wireless multi-hop networks. EURASIP J Wirel Commun Netw 2012:97

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to T. Saravanan.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Saravanan, T., Nithya, N.S. Modeling Displacement and Direction Aware Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Standard for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Mobile Netw Appl 24, 1804–1813 (2019).

Download citation


  • Mobile ad hoc networks
  • AODV
  • DDC – AODV
  • Reactive routing and displacements