The transmission security between ground station and satellite is challenging. Some existing multistep algorithms leave lots of loopholes for eavesdropping and attacking in satellite-to-ground communication. For high security, optical communication is a promising solution. In this paper, we propose a control code multiple encryption algorithm (CCMEA) for the single-photon-transmission between satellite and ground station. CCMEA can utilize the control code to respectively encrypt three cognitive optimization sections: loop iteration, polarization coding and order rearrangement, and simulation shows that CCMEA can realize one step transmission to decrease loopholes compared with multistep encryption algorithm. In addition, we design a security detection method by combining the decoy photon analysis and the quantum bit error rate (QBER) analysis. The numerical results show that CCMEA can reduce the security threshold by 27% compared with multistep encryption algorithm of BB84 scheme. Finally, for satellite-to-ground communication, we construct an analytic QBER model on CCMEA with four factors: quantum channel transmission rate, single-photon acquisition probability, measurement factor and data filtering factor. The result demonstrates the effectiveness of CCMEA on satellite-to-ground communication.
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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61601145, 61471142, 61571167, 61871157), the Fund of Aeronautics Science of China (Grant No. ASFC-2017ZC77004), SAST fund (Grant No. SAST2017050) and HIRP fund (Grant No. HO2017050001C9).
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Liu, J., Yang, Z., Wu, Z. et al. Control Code Multiple Encryption Algorithm on Satellite-to-ground Communication. Mobile Netw Appl 24, 1955–1974 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11036-019-01338-z
- Control code multiple encryption algorithm (CCMEA)
- Quantum bit error rate
- Security detection
- Satellite communication