Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 110–115 | Cite as

An Efficient Dynamic Integration Middleware for Cyber-Physical Systems in Mobile Environments

  • Sang Oh Park
  • Jong Hyuk Park
  • Young-Sik Jeong


Advances in information technologies have brought a wide variety of computing environments. In recent years, integrations of computational, networking, and physical elements in different environments tend to increase, so interoperability between heterogeneous computing elements has become a key area of research. A cyber-physical system (CPS) that has gained a lot of attention lately is a tight integration of the system’s computational and physical elements. The CPS technology builds on the older discipline of embedded systems, and CPS applications can be found in diverse industry sectors, such as smart home, health care, and transportation. There is a high possibility that a global CPS network that integrates different CPS networks appears in the near future. This paper proposes a CPS middleware framework that ensures interoperability and communication between heterogeneous components in a global CPS network. Through local and global communications, the proposed middleware makes mobile devices in different networks interoperable. It employs Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) and performs protocol conversion to communicate with devices using different protocols.


cyber physical system interoperability integration middleware heterogeneous device 



This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through theNational Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2012000534).


  1. 1.
    Lee EA (Jan. 2008) "Cyber physical systems: design challenges," technical report UCB/EECS-2008-8, University of California, EECS DepartmentGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chao HC, Huang CY (2003) A micro mobility mechanism for smooth handoffs in an integrated Ad-Hoc and cellular IPv6 network under high speed movement. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 52(6):1576–1593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chang YC, Chen JL, Chao HC, Kuo SY (2005) OSA-based service platform for all-IPv6 network environments. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun 23(11):2172–2181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    UPnP Forum, "UPnP Device Architecture 1.1,"
  5. 5.
    Liong YL, Ye YH (Jan. 2005) "Effect of UPnP advertisements on user experience and power consumption," in Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC'05), pp 91–97Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moon K et al (2005) Design of a universal middleware bridge for device interoperability in heterogeneous home network middleware. IEEE Trans Consum Electron 51(1):314–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim M, Kim S (2006) "A scenario-based user-oriented integrated architecture for supporting interoperability among heterogeneous home network middlewares," ICCA2006. pp 669–678Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ma YW, Wu CY, Chao HC, Chen JL (2011) Load balancing mechanism for RFID middleware applications over grid networking. J Netw Comput Appl 34(3):811–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Malakuti S, Aksit M, Bockisch C (2011) Runtime verification in distributed computing. J Converg 2(1):1–10Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li CS, Huang YM, Chao HC (2008) UPnP IPv4/IPv6 bridge for home networking environment. IEEE Trans Consum Electron 54(4):1651–1655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chen W, Kuo SY, Chao HC (2009) Service integration with UPnP agent for an ubiquitous home environment- using a smart campus network as an example. Inf Syst Front 11(5):483–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    XORP, "XORP user manual version 1.6,"

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang Oh Park
    • 1
  • Jong Hyuk Park
    • 2
  • Young-Sik Jeong
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and EngineeringChung-Ang UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringSeoul National University of Science and TechnologyDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Department of Computer EngineeringWonkwang UniversityIksanKorea

Personalised recommendations