Parthenolide ameliorates tweak-induced podocytes injury

Abstract

Parthenolide (PTL) is a natural product from the shoots of Tanacetum parthenium, which has immunomodulatory effects in multiply type of diseases. This study aimed to explore the effect and the underlying mechanism of PTL on the anti-apoptotic and anti- inflammatory ability of tweak-induced podocytes. Conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes were incubated with Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (Tweak, 100 ng/ml), PTL(10 µM) or Tweak + PTL for 12 h, 24 and 48 h, respectively. Podocytes viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Tweak and Cxcl16 expression were evaluated by western blot and immunofluorescence assay. Dil-oxLDL stain was detected by immunofluorescence analysis. Intracellular Total Cholesterol (TC) content was measured through TC detection Kit. These results demonstrated that the podocytes cells viability was gradually decreased after treatment with different concentrations of Tweak (0, 50, 100, 150). Tweak and Cxcl16 protein expression in mouse podocytes treated with tweak were remarkably elevated and were found to have higher intracellular lipid accumulation compared with the control group, whereas co-administration with PTL, tweak and Cxcl16 expression as well as the intracellular lipid accumulation were notablely decreased in tweak-induced podocytes. Therefore, our conclusion was that tweak and Cxcl16 were involved in the regulation of tweak-induced podocytes injury. Meanwhile, the anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effect of PTL may be correlated with the tweak and Cxcl16 expression decreased.

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Acknowledgements

This work is funded by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2015HM009) and Shandong Key R&D Program (2017 GSF218005).

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Correspondence to Shuzhen Sun.

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Yu, L., Zhang, C., Chen, Y. et al. Parthenolide ameliorates tweak-induced podocytes injury. Mol Biol Rep (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-020-05591-4

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Keywords

  • Podocytes
  • Tweak
  • Cxcl16
  • PTL
  • OxLDL