A systematic proteomic analysis of NaCl-stressed germinating maize seeds
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Salt (NaCl) is a common physiological stressor of plants. To better understand how germinating seeds respond to salt stress, we examined the changes that occurred in the proteome of maize seeds during NaCl-treated germination. Phenotypically, salt concentrations less than 0.2 M appear to delay germination, while higher concentrations disrupt development completely, leading to seed death. The identities of 96 proteins with expression levels altered by NaCl-incubation were established using 2-DE-MALDI-TOF–MS and 2-DE-MALDI-TOF–MS/MS. Of these 96 proteins, 79 were altered greater than twofold when incubated with a 0.2 M salt solution, while 51 were altered when incubated with a 0.1 M salt solution. According to their functional annotations in the Swiss-Prot protein-sequence databases, these proteins are mainly involved in seed storage, energy metabolism, stress response, and protein metabolism. Notably, the expression of proteins that respond to abscisic acid signals increased in response to salt stress. The results of this study provide important clues as to how NaCl stresses the physiology of germinating maize seeds.
KeywordsGermination Maize embryo Salt stress Proteomics
Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry
Tandem mass spectrometry
This research was supported by grants from the National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2012AA10A300) and the Chinese Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (20093001-06-5).
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