Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 40, Issue 9, pp 5397–5405 | Cite as

Cancer targeting gene-viro-therapy for pancreatic cancer using oncolytic adenovirus ZD55-IL-24 in immune-competent mice

  • Bin He
  • Xiuyan Huang
  • Xinyuan Liu
  • Bin Xu


Cancer targeting gene-viro-therapy (CTGVT) may prove to be an effective treatment for pancreatic cancer (PC). This study was intended to explore the anti-tumor effect of ZD55-IL-24 (oncolytic adenovirus ZD55 harboring IL-24) on PC in immune-competent mice. The expression of gene harbored by oncolytic adenovirus ZD55 in PC cells was detected by reporter-gene assays. The in vitro anti PC ability of ZD55-IL-24 was tested by MTT, crystal violet staining and apoptosis assays. The in vivo anti PC effect of ZD55-IL-24 was further observed in an immune-competent mice model by detecting anti-tumor immunity and induction of apoptosis. The expression of gene harbored by ZD55 in PC cells was significantly higher than that harbored by the replicated-deficient adenovirus, and the amount of gene expression was time-dependent and dose-dependent. Both ZD55-IL-24 and ZD55 inhibited PC cells growth, but the anti-tumor effect of ZD55-IL-24 was significantly stronger than that of ZD55, and the ability of ZD55-IL-24 in inducing PC apoptosis was significantly stronger than that of ZD55. The tumor-forming rate of group ZD55-IL-24 was the lowest, and the tumor-growing rate was also significantly lower than that of group ZD55 in immune-competent PC models. Moreover, ZD55-IL-24 mediated more anti-cancer immunity effects by induction of stronger T-lymphocytes response to PC cells, higher levels of γ-IFN and IL-6 cytokines. ZD55-IL-24-mediated CTGVT could inhibit PC growth not only by inducing oncolysis and apoptosis but enhancing the anti-cancer immune effects by inducing T cell response to PC and up-regulating γ-IFN and IL-6 cytokine in immune-competent mice. This may serve as a candidate therapeutic approach for the treatment of PC.


CTGVT Oncolytic adenovirus ZD55-IL-24 Pancreatic cancer Immune-competent 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81001007, 81270003, 31100639); the Program for Young Excellent Talents in Tongji University (2008KJ060); and Youth Fund of Shanghai 10th People’s Hospital (10RQ105).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and SICUXinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic SurgeryShanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of General Surgery6th People’s Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Institute of Biochemistry and Cell BiologyShanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina

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