The association of polymorphisms in DNA base excision repair genes XRCC1, OGG1 and MUTYH with the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of polymorphisms in genes encoding three key proteins of DNA base excision repair (BER): the OGG1 Ser326Cys, the MUTYH Tyr165Cys and the XRCC1 Arg399Gln with the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Our study included 97 children patients with ALL (mean age 5.4 ± 2.5) and 131 healthy children (mean age 6.2 ± 2.8) used as controls. Genetic polymorphisms in BER pathway genes were examined using PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). We have demonstrated that the OGG1 Cys/Cys genotype increases the risk of ALL (OR 5.36) whereas the Ser/Ser genotype variant strongly reduces the risk of this cancer among Polish children (OR 0.45). Although we did not observe the differences in single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MUTYH and XRCC1 genes between control group and children with ALL, we have shown that the combined genotypes of examined genes can modulate the risk of childhood ALL in Polish population. We found that the combined genotype Arg/Gln–Cys/Cys of XRCC1/OGG1 (OR 3.83) as well as the Cys/Cys–Tyr/Tyr of OGG1/MUTYH (OR 6.75) increases the risk of ALL. In contrast, the combined genotype Arg/Arg–Ser/Ser of XRCC1/OGG1 (OR 0.40) as well as the Ser/Ser–Tyr/Tyr of OGG1/MUTYH (OR 0.43) played a protective role against this malignant disease. In conclusion, we suggest that polymorphisms of BER genes may be used as an important predictive factor for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children.
KeywordsChildhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia Base excision repair Gene polymorphism XRCC1 OGG1 MUTYH
This work was supported by grants from the Polish Scientific Research Committee (No. N N301 294637) and from the University of Lodz (No. 505/376).
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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