Identification of HSP27 as a potential tumor marker for colorectal cancer by the two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
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The identification of specific biomarkers for colorectal cancer would provide the basis for early diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, as well as clues for understanding the molecular mechanisms governing cancer progression. This study was designed to use comparative proteomics technology to find the differentially expressed proteins between human colorectal carcinoma and the corresponding normal tumor-adjacent colorectal tissues. We have used the highly sensitive two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF–MS) for the identification of proteins differentially expressed in tumoral and neighboring normal mucosa. We have detected differences in abundance of 42 proteins with statistical variance of the tumor versus normal spot volume ratio within the 95th confidence level (Student’s t-test; P < 0.05). 10 out of 42 analyzed proteins were unambiguously identified by MS coupled with database interrogation as being differentially expressed in colorectal cancer. Of the 10 newly implicated proteins, HSP27 was chosen for detailed analysis. Preliminary studies demonstrated that the differentially expressed proteins found by 2-DE could be confirmed and validated by western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses in those few cases. The results suggest that HSP27 might be a potential biomarker for early diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring in the therapy of colorectal carcinoma.
KeywordsColorectal cancer Proteomics Biomarker HSP27
We would like to express our grateful to the staff in the Research center for Proteome analysis, Shanghai Institutes for biological sciences for technical assistance. This work was financially supported by the Grants from Shanghai Science and Technology Development Fund (No. 05DJ14010), the Major Basic Research Program of Shanghai (No. 07DZ19505), and the National 973 Basic Research Program of China (No. 2008CB517403).
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