Molecular characterization, expression profile and association analysis with fat deposition traits of the porcine APOM gene
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Apolipoprotein M (APOM), a novel apolipoprotein presented mostly in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in plasma, is involved in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Through comparative mapping, we have mapped this gene to SSC7 p1.1 in which many QTLs affecting fat deposition traits have been reported. As a candidate gene for fat deposition traits, in this study, we obtained the 742-bp mRNA sequence of porcine APOM including the full coding region and encoding a protein of 188 amino acids. The sequence was deposited into the GenBank under the accession no. DQ329240. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR results showed that the porcine APOM gene is expressed predominantly in liver and kidney tissue. The genomic sequence of this gene which contains six exons and five introns, is 3,621 bp in length (DQ272488). Bioinformatic analysis of the 5′ regulatory region has revealed that classical TATA-box element and species conserved Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1a (HNF-1α) biding site were represented in this region. A G2289C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the intron 2 of porcine APOM gene detected as an Eco130I PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RFLP) showed allele frequency differences among three purebreds. Association of the genotypes with fat deposition traits showed that different genotypes of porcine APOM gene were significantly associated with leaf fat weight (P < 0.05), backfat thickness at shoulder (P < 0.05), backfat thickness at thorax-waist (P < 0.05), backfat thickness at buttock (P < 0.01) and average backfat thickness over shoulder, thorax-waist and buttock (P < 0.01).
KeywordsAssociation analysis Pig APOM Fat deposition traits Promoter prediction
This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30571331) and the National “973” Program of P. R. China (2006CB102102).
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