Molecular Breeding

, 36:27 | Cite as

Genetic mapping and QTL analysis in European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.)

  • Chiara Beltramo
  • Nadia Valentini
  • Ezio Portis
  • Daniela Torello Marinoni
  • Paolo Boccacci
  • Maria Angelica Sandoval Prando
  • Roberto Botta


The European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is the most economically important nut species in the Betulaceae family. Despite the need for new improved hazelnut cultivars, few breeding programs are carried out because of the large plant size, the long lifecycle of the plant, and the expense and time required. To date, there are no reports of maps with quantitative trait loci (QTL) in hazelnut. Our objective in the present study was to identify QTL associated with vegetative traits to allow marker-assisted selection (MAS). An F1 progeny (275 plants) of Tonda Gentile delle Langhe × Merveille de Bollwiller obtained in 2009 was used to develop a QTL linkage map for vigour, sucker habit, and time of bud burst, after three years of observations. A set of 163 plants were analysed with 152 microsatellite markers. A map of 11 linkage groups was obtained, covering 663.1 cM, and 15 QTLs were identified and mapped for the traits examined. Of them, 10 were ‘major’ QTL, including a stably expressed region on LG_02 for leaf bud burst. At least one major QTL for each year underlies the variation in each trait and a clustering of QTL for trunk circumference and suckers/trunk circumference ratio with high inter-trait correlations was observed on LG_05, suggesting a single pleiotropic locus. This research represents an initial step in the future identification of chromosomal regions carrying genes of interest, important for breeding programs and MAS.


SSR MAS Vegetative traits Leaf bud burst Sucker habit Vigour 



The research was carried out in collaboration with Ferrero Hazelnut Company that funded a research grant. The research was also supported by Fondazione CRT and Fondazione ISI-Lagrange project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11032_2016_450_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 22 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Beltramo
    • 1
  • Nadia Valentini
    • 1
  • Ezio Portis
    • 1
  • Daniela Torello Marinoni
    • 1
  • Paolo Boccacci
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maria Angelica Sandoval Prando
    • 1
  • Roberto Botta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural, Forestry and Food Science (DISAFA)University of TurinGrugliascoItaly
  2. 2.Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection - National Research Council (IPSP-CNR)Unit of GrugliascoGrugliascoItaly

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