TaTGW6-A1, an ortholog of rice TGW6, is associated with grain weight and yield in bread wheat
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The TGW6 gene encodes a novel indole-3-acetic acid-glucose hydrolase and plays a significant role in improving thousand grain weight (TGW) and yield in rice. In the current study, a TGW6 ortholog from bread wheat chromosome 3AL was isolated and designated as TaTGW6-A1. Sequencing and alignment analysis showed that the cloned TaTGW6-A1 consists of a 987-bp intronless open reading frame. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified between cultivars with higher and lower TGW, forming two haplotypes, TaTGW6-A1a and TaTGW6-A1b. A derived cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence marker, TaTGW6-A1-CAPS, was developed to differentiate the two haplotypes. Linkage analysis using the wheat 90K iSelect SNP array mapped TaTGW6-A1-CAPS at 18 cM from BobWhite_c47304_56 in a RIL population derived from Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring. A QTL for yield at the TaTGW6-A1 locus explained 17.4 % of the phenotypic variance in average yield over four environments. Association analysis on 242 Chinese and foreign cultivars indicated that TaTGW6-A1 was significantly associated with TGW. The cumulative frequency of the TaTGW6-A1a allele associated with higher TGW was approximately 80 %, indicating that the TaTGW6-A1a allele was positively selected in wheat breeding. In conclusion, TaTGW6-A1 in conjunction with its molecular marker may contribute as a valuable gene in improving yield potential in wheat.
KeywordsTaTGW6-A1 dCAPS marker QTL TGW Yield Triticum aestivum
This work was supported by Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Project (D151100004415003), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31161140346, 31461143021 and 31571663) and The National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (2012AA101105).
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