Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) linkage map, and quantitative trait locus analysis for sex ratio and related traits
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Sex ratio and shell-thickness type are among the main components determining yield in oil palm. An integrated linkage map of oil palm was constructed based on 208 offspring derived from a cross between two tenera palms differing in inherited sex ratio. The map consisted of 210 genomic simple sequence repeats (SSRs), 28 expressed sequence tag SSRs, 185 amplified fragment length polymorphism markers, and the Sh locus, which controls shell-thickness phenotype, distributed across 16 linkage groups covering 1,931 cM, with an average marker distance of 4.6 cM. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis identified eight QTLs across six linkage groups associated with sex ratio and related traits. These QTLs explained 8.1–13.1 % of the total phenotypic variance. The QTL for sex ratio on linkage group 8 overlapped with a QTL for number of male inflorescences. In most cases a specific QTL allele combination was responsible for genotype class mean differences, suggesting that most QTLs in heterozygous oil palm are likely to be segregating for multiple alleles with different degrees of dominance. In addition, two new SSRs were shown to flank the major Sh locus controlling the fruit variety type in oil palm.
KeywordsOil palm Sex ratio QTL mapping
This study was supported by grants from the National Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Thailand.
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