Identification of a plant introduction soybean line with genetic lesions affecting two distinct glycinin subunits and evaluation of impacts on protein content and composition
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Unlike other oilseeds, soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr) is also valuable due to its direct conversion into human food. One notable example is the cheese-like product tofu. The quality of tofu is improved when protein subunits derived from two glycinin genes, Gy1 and Gy4, are reduced or absent. Here we report the discovery that one exotic soybean plant introduction line, PI 605781 B, has not only a previously described loss-of-expression mutation affecting one glycinin gene (gy4), but also bears an extremely rare, potentially unique, frameshift mutation in the Glycinin1 gene (gy1-a). We analyzed glycinin gene expression via qRT-PCR with mRNA from developing seeds, which revealed that the novel allele dramatically reduced Gy1 mRNA accumulation. Similarly, both A4A5B3 and A1aB1a protein subunits were absent or at undetectable levels, as determined by two-dimensional protein fractionation. Despite the reduction in glycinin content, overall seed protein levels were unaffected. The novel gy1-a allele was found to be unique to PI 605871B in a sampling of 247 diverse germplasm lines drawn from a variety of geographic origins.
KeywordsGlycinin Soybean Tofu Seed proteins
The authors would like to acknowledge the superb technical assistance of Sungchan Jang, Jeremy Mullis and Nathan Oehrle. This research was supported by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service.
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