Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 491–503 | Cite as

Opportunity for creativity in the job as a moderator of the relation between trait intrinsic motivation and flow in work

  • Giovanni B. Moneta
Original Paper


Drawing from the social psychology approach to creativity, it was hypothesized that trait intrinsic motivation would be associated with the probability of experiencing flow in work, and that the extent to which a job provides opportunity for creativity would moderate the association. A sample of 367 workers completed the Flow Questionnaire and the Work Preference Inventory, and described their job. Multinomial logistic regression of “flow in work” versus “no flow” and “flow in leisure” revealed motivation by opportunity interactions such that intrinsic motivation is associated with flow in work for high opportunity, and is either not associated or negatively associated for low opportunity. The findings support the hypotheses and indicate that person-environment matching fosters flow in work.


Algorithmic task Creativity Flow Heuristic task Intrinsic motivation Leisure Work 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Life Sciences, School of PsychologyLondon Metropolitan UniversityLondonUK

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