Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 349–364 | Cite as

Autonomous forms of motivation underpinning injury prevention and rehabilitation among police officers: An application of the trans-contextual model

  • Derwin King-Chung ChanEmail author
  • Martin S. Hagger
Original Paper


The present study applied the trans-contextual model (TCM) to understand the motivational processes underpinning workers’ injury prevention and rehabilitation intentions and behavior. Full-time police officers (N = 207; M age = 37.24, SD = 9.93) completed questionnaire measures of the TCM variables. Covariance-based SEM for the full sample revealed that the effect of autonomy support from supervisor on autonomous motivation for injury prevention (M-injury) was fully mediated by autonomous work motivation (M-work), and the effect of M-injury on intention was fully mediated by attitude and subjective norm. Variance-based SEM for the 87 participants who had recent occupational injury showed that the effect of autonomy support from supervisor on autonomous treatment motivation (M-treatment) was partially mediated by M-work, and the effect of perceived autonomy support from physician on treatment adherence was fully mediated by M-treatment. There was no effect of treatment adherence on recovery length. Findings support the motivational sequence of the TCM in an occupational context.


Self-determination theory Theory of planned behavior Occupational injury Autonomy support Treatment motivation Intention 



This research was supported by an International Research Scholarship awarded to Derwin K.-C. Chan from the University of Nottingham.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Personality, Social Psychology, and Health Research Group, School of PsychologyUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.School of Psychology and Speech PathologyCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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