Molecular Diversity

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 281–290 | Cite as

Ultrasound-assisted reaction of 1,4-naphthoquinone with anilines through an EDA complex

  • Elisa Leyva
  • Agobardo Cárdenas-Chaparro
  • Silvia E. Loredo-Carrillo
  • Lluvia I. López
  • Fernanda Méndez-Sánchez
  • Antonio Martínez-Richa
Original Article


Naphthoquinone amino derivatives exhibit interesting physicochemical properties and a wide range of biological activities with potential medicinal applications. A clean, fast and simple method for the preparation of phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones is presented by the reaction of naphthoquinone (NQ) and anilines under ultrasound irradiation (US). Anilino derivatives were synthesized in good yields and shorter reaction times in comparison with the conventional method. This ultrasound procedure can be applied to the preparation of naphthoquinone derivatives with anilines containing electron-donor substituents (2-OMe, 4-OMe, 4-Me and 4-OEt) or halogen or electron-withdrawing substituents (4-F, 4-Cl, 4-Br, 3-F, 3-Cl, 3-Br, 4-Ac). This procedure was also applied to the reaction of anilines with 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone (DCNQ). A reaction mechanism involving an EDA complex is proposed based on NMR experiments and previous studies about solid/solid reactions.

Graphical Abstract


1, 4-Naphthoquinone Nucleophilic substitution Ultrasound EDA complex 



Financial support by CONACyT (Grant No. 155678) is gratefully acknowledged. All authors kindly acknowledge The National Laboratory for Characterization of Physicochemical Properties and Molecular Structure, CONACyT (Grant NO. 123732) for the instrumentation time provided.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11030_2018_9820_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.3 mb)
1H NMR spectra for products 3a-3v 1.29MB


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidad de GuanajuatoGuanajuatoMexico

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