Tools for developing adaptation policy to protect human health

Special Issue


Anthropogenic climate change is likely to add significant pressure to the determinants of public health, and to current health and social protection measures in high, middle and low income countries. Adaptation strategies within the health sector are being developed to address the multi-dimensional nature of the costs and impacts. We further develop and apply a new generic conceptual framework for development-compatible climate policy planning to evaluate policy options for middle and low income countries that reduce the adverse health effects of climate change. The criteria used for comparative evaluation included economic, environment, social and institutional factors. The proposed framework, incorporating system dynamics, provides a foundation for a decision-analytical approach to support the formulation of robust climate change adaptation policies to protect human health.


Human health Climate change Adaptation policies Health impact assessment 



The authors acknowledge the helpful comments provided by Dr Mala Rao and Dr Carlos Corvalan to the initial report and related-work carried out as part of UNEP’s MCA4climate initiative. The authors also acknowledge the financial and technical support from UNEP and Government of Spain that they have received particularly during the conceptual phase of the MCA4climate initiative, from which this paper derives.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health and PolicyLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK

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