Sustainable bioenergy production strategies for rural India

  • Rahul B. Hiremath
  • Bimlesh Kumar
  • P. Balachandra
  • N. H. Ravindranath
Original Article


The paper aims to assess the potential of decentralized bioenergy technologies in meeting rural energy needs and reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Decentralized energy planning is carried out for the year 2005 and 2020. Decentralized energy planning model using goal programming technique is applied for different decentralized scales (village to a district) for obtaining the optimal mix of energy resources and technologies. Results show that it is possible to meet the energy requirements of all the services that are necessary to promote development and improve the quality of life in rural areas from village to district scale, by utilizing the locally available energy resources such as cattle dung, leaf litter and woody biomass feedstock from bioenergy plantation on wastelands. The decentralized energy planning model shows that biomass feedstock required at village to district level can even be obtained from biomass conserved by shifting to biogas for cooking. Under sustainable development scenario, the decentralized energy planning model shows that there is negligible emission of CO2, oxide of Sulphur (SOx) and oxide of nitrogen (NOx), even while meeting all the energy needs.


Biomass Decentralized energy planning Energy security Environmental protection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahul B. Hiremath
    • 1
  • Bimlesh Kumar
    • 2
  • P. Balachandra
    • 3
  • N. H. Ravindranath
    • 4
  1. 1.Academic & Research, Walchand Institute of TechnologySolapurIndia
  2. 2.Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.CST, Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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