Organizational Legitimacy of International Research Collaborations: Crossing Boundaries in the Middle East
- 430 Downloads
Cross-border academic collaborations in conflict zones are vulnerable to escalated turbulence, liability concerns and flagging support. Multi-level stakeholder engagement at home and abroad is essential for securing the political and financial sustainability of such collaborations. This study examines the multilayered stakeholder arrangements within an international academic health science network contributing to peace-building in the Middle East. While organizational forms in this collaboration change to reflect the structural, epistemic and political expectations of various support groups operating locally and globally, the legitimacy of the international research and its contribution to the peace-building process last as long as institutional norms of academic enterprise – integrity, impartiality and collegiality – are sustained. This paper analyzes the reconciliatory strategies used by the collaborating health scientists to mitigate organizational turbulence, reduce resource asymmetries and continually build and rebuild bridges across stakeholder communities.
KeywordsInternational research collaboration Organizational legitimacy Boundary management Academic health science center
I am indebted to a number of individuals from whose comments and suggestions this study benefitted. Many thanks to Professors Arnold Noyek, William G. Tierney and Simon Marginson for their valuable insights. I am grateful to the two anonymous reviewers of this journal for their helpful advice.
- Anderson, Melissa S., and Nicholas H. Steneck (eds.). 2011. International research collaborations: Much to be gained, many ways to get in trouble. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ashoka. 2009. Ashoka Fellows: Arnold Noyek. Retrieved on May 10, 2011 from: http://www.ashoka.org/fellow/anoyek.
- Austin, James E. 2000. The collaboration challenge: How non-profits and businesses succeed through strategic alliances. San Francisco: Jossey Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
- Becher, Tony, and Paul Trowler. 2001. Academic tribes and territories: Intellectual inquiry and the culture of disciplines, 2nd ed. Bristol: The Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Beerkens, Eric, and Marijik van der Wende. 2007. The paradox in international cooperation: Institutionally embedded universities in a global environment. Higher Education 53: 61–79.Google Scholar
- CISEPO. 2005. Building bridges to peace. Collection of press-releases. Toronto: CISEPO.Google Scholar
- CISEPO. 2011. Building bridges to peace. http://www.cisepo.ca/. Accessed on May 28, 2011.
- Clark, Burton R. 1983. The higher education system: Academic organization in cross-national perspective. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Cooper, Andrew F., John J. Kirton, and Ted Schrecker. 2007. Governing global health: Challenge, response, innovation. Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Dajani, Khuloud K., and Rafael S. Carel. 2002. Neighbors and enemies: Lessons to be learned from the Palestinian-Israeli conflict regarding cooperation in public health. Croatian Medical Journal 43: 138–140.Google Scholar
- Evangelista, Matthew. 1999. Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Frost, Laura, Michael Reich, and Tomoko Fujisaki. 2002. A partnership for Ivermectin: Social worlds and boundary objects. In Public private partnerships for public health, ed. Michael Reich, 87–114. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Gangrade, Kesharichand D., and Rameshwar P. Misra. 1990. Conflict resolution through non-violence: Role of the universities. Ghandian Studies on Peace Research Series -2. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Ghani, Ashraf, and Clare Lockhart. 2008. Fixing failed states: A framework for rebuilding a fractured world. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Gieryn, Thomas F. 1999. Cultural boundaries of science: Credibility on the Line. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Lattuca, Lisa R. 2001. Creating interdisciplinarity: Interdisciplinary research and teaching among colleges and university faculty. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.Google Scholar
- Markle, William H., Melanie A. Fisher, and Raymond Smego. 2007. Understanding global health. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.Google Scholar
- Miles, Matthew B., and Michael Huberman. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Noyek, Arnold M., Harvey Skinner, Dave Davis, Ian Clark, Abi Sriharan, and Catherine G. Chalin. 2005. Building bridges of understanding through continuing education and professional development of Arabs and Israelis. Journal of Continuing Education in Health Professions 25: 68–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Oleksiyenko, Anatoly, and Creso M. Sá. 2010. Resource Asymmetries and Cumulative Advantages: Canadian and US Research Universities and the Field of Global Health. Higher Education 59(3): 367–385.Google Scholar
- Perrow, Charles. 1970. Organizational Analysis: A Sociological View. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
- Pfeffer, Jeffrey, and Gerald Salancik. 1978/2003. The External Control of Organization: A Resource Dependence Perspective. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Reich, Michael (ed.). 2002. Public private partnerships for public health. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Sá, Creso M., and Anatoly Oleksiyenko. 2011. Between the local and the global: organized research units and international collaborations in the health sciences. Higher Education 62(3): 367–382.Google Scholar
- Scolnik, Dennis. 2007. Health as a Bridge to Peace: CISEPO as a Case Study. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. University of Toronto.Google Scholar
- Siegel, David J. 2010. Organizing for social partnership: Higher education for cross-border collaboration. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Stein, Janice, Richard Stren, Joy Fitzgibbon, and Melissa Maclean. 2001. Networks of knowledge. Collaborative innovation in international learning. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
- Suchman, Mark C. 1995. Managing legitimacy: strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review 20(3): 571–610.Google Scholar
- Tawil, Sobhi (ed.). 1997. Educational Destruction and Reconstruction in Disrupted Societies. Final Report and Case Studies of the Workshop Held on 15-16 May 1997, Geneva, Switzerland, Organized Jointly by the International Bureau of Education and the University of Geneva.Google Scholar
- Yin, Robert. 2003. Case study research: Design and methods. (Applied Social Research Method Series, 3rd Edition, Vol. 5). Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications. Google Scholar
- Zwi, Anthony B. 2004. How Should the Health Community Respond to Violent Political Conflict? PLoS Med., October; 1(1): e14. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=523835. Accessed on July 12, 2009.