Peter Gärdenfors, Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought
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Peter Gärdenfors, How Homo Became Sapiens: On the Evolution of Thinking
Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York, 2003, xi+240, Hardcover, $59.50, ISBN 019-852850-7
Both Gärdenfors’ books focus on representation and thinking processes. Conceptual Spaces is developed at the structural level of analysis, focusing on the components of thought—concepts—and their relations, which are geometrically modeled. How Homo Became Sapiens discusses mental functions (sensation, attention, emotion, memory, imagination, thinking, planning, self-consciousness, free will and language), and the possible sequence of their evolutionary origin.
The analysis of concepts and their structural relations is proposed, in the first book (originally released in 2000), to be intermediary and complementary to the symbolic and connectionist approaches to mental representations. Gärdenfors’ philosophical hypotheses are supported in the book by empirical evidence from psychophysics, cognitive psychology, linguistics and...