The selection and properties of Penicillium verruculosum mutants with enhanced production of cellulases and xylanases
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The paper describes three Penicillium verruculosum 28K mutants with about threefold enhanced production of five industrially important carbohydrases. The two-stage fermentation process that we developed provided a further two- to threefold increase in the production of carbohydrases. Physiological and biochemical studies showed that the synthesis of all five carbohydrases is inducible. Carboxymethylcellulase, xylanase, and β-glucanase are synthesized under a common regulatory control, as is evident from the concurrent increase in the synthesis of these enzymes in the presence of microcrystalline cellulose. The synthesis of avicelase and β-glucosidase is evidently induced by other cellulose- and hemicellulose-containing compounds present in the fermentation medium and, hence, is regulated independently of the three aforementioned enzymes.
Key wordscellulase xylanase mutants fed-batch cultivation
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