Measurement Techniques

, Volume 58, Issue 11, pp 1244–1249 | Cite as

Determining the Quantum Characteristics of a Photon Counter Using Power-Calibrated Laser Radiation

  • A. A. Kovalev
  • A. A. Liberman
  • A. S. Mikryukov
  • S. A. Moskalyuk
  • M. V. Ulanovskii

An experimental setup was devised allowing high-accuracy radiation power measurements in the range of the order of 10−18–10−15 W. The use of a calibrated Fresnel prismatic attenuator in the design minimizes the error in determining the mean number of photos in each radiation pulse. Results are presented for measurements of the positive measure operator for a Hamamatsu H7422-40 photoelectric multiplier.


laser radiation quantum detector quantum efficiency positive operator-valued measure Fresnel attenuator 


  1. 1.
    D. Achilles, Ch. Silberhorn, C. Sliwa, et al., “Fiber-assisted detection with photon number resolution,” Opt. Lett., 28, 2387–2389 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, “An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector,” Nat. Photon., 2, 425–428 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. S. Lundeen, A. Feito, H. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, et al., “Tomography of quantum detectors,” Nat. Phys., 5, No. 1, 27–30 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Amri, J. Laurat, and C. Fabre, “Characterizing quantum properties of a measurement apparatus: in sights from the retrodictive approach,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 106, 020502–020506 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Zhang, A. Datta, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, et al., “Recursive quantum detector tomography,” New J. Phys., 14, No. 11, 115005-1–115005-20 (2012).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ch. M. Natarajan, L. Zhang, H. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, et al., “Hadfield quantum detector tomography of a time-multiplexed superconducting nanowire single-photon detector at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Expr., 21, No. 1, 893–902 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. V. Isaeva, A. A. Kovalev, A. A. Liberman, et al., “A laser radiation attenuator based on four Dove prisms,” Izmer. Tekhn., No. 1, 41–45 (2014).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. C. Baker, “Improved noise perfomance of the burr-brown ACF2101 switched integrator amplifier,” Texas Instr. App. Bull., AB-053, 1–4 (2010).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Mountford, G. Porrovechio, N. Smid, and R. Smid, “Development of a switched integrator amplifier for high-accuracy optical measurements,” Appl. Opt., 47, No. 31, 5821–5828 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, et al., “Quantum state reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 87, No. 5, 050402-1–050402-4 (2001).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Kovalev
    • 1
  • A. A. Liberman
    • 1
  • A. S. Mikryukov
    • 1
  • S. A. Moskalyuk
    • 1
  • M. V. Ulanovskii
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russia Research Institute of Optophysical Measurements (VNIIOFI)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations