Measurement Techniques

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 865–867 | Cite as

New optotypes for checking visual acuity

  • A. I. Milanich


A number of new optotypes for verification of visual acuity adapted for devices used in individual optometry are proposed.

Key words

visual acuity optotype Landolt ring eye control optometry 


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    A. I. Milanich, Patent 2137414 (Russian Federation), Izobret., No. 26 (1999).Google Scholar
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    A. I. Milanich, Patent 2202937 (Russian Federation), Izobret., Polez. Mod., No. 12 (2003).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ISO 8597:1994, Optics and Optical Instruments: Visual Acuity Testing.Google Scholar
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    ISO 8596:1994, Ophthalmic Optics: Visual Acuity Testing: Standard Optotype and Its Presentation.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu. Z. Rozenblyum, Optometry [in Russian], Gippokrat, St. Petersburg (1996).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VT-Fotoniks CompanyMoscowRussia

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