, Volume 57, Issue 1–2, pp 90–94 | Cite as

Feasibility of Improving Energy Efficiency When Using Technologies That Produce Iron Outside the Blast Furnace

  • R. A. Kazakov
  • P. I. Chernousov
  • V. P. Zvolinskii
  • N. A. Korotchenko

Calculations and a comparative analysis which were performed show that compared to blast-furnace smelting and converter steelmaking, the expediency (based on indices for greenhouse-gas emissions and the energy content of the product) of non-blast-furnace-based technologies for iron and steel production depends on the extent to which secondary energy resources (SERs) are used: the efficiency of SER use and the use of steel scrap in steelmaking.


direct reduction liquid-phase reduction greenhouse gases energy content secondary resources 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Kazakov
    • 1
  • P. I. Chernousov
    • 2
  • V. P. Zvolinskii
    • 3
  • N. A. Korotchenko
    • 2
  1. 1.National Organization for the Support of Carbon-Absorbing ProjectsMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research Technological University – Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys (NITU MISiS)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.Peoples’ Friendship University of RussiaMoscowRussia

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