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Metallurgist

, 55:208 | Cite as

Calculation of the impact of the explosion of hydrogen–air mixtures on the safety devices of a vacuum-arc furnace used to produce titanium

  • A. S. Mazur
  • I. G. Yankovskii
  • A. A. Kozlov
  • T. V. Ukraintseva
Article
  • 74 Downloads

An analysis is made of the hazards associated with the production of titanium in electric-arc furnaces. It is shown that hydrogen can be released at high rates as a result of depressurization of the walls of the mold and the entry of water into the titanium melt. The parameters of the explosion of a hydrogen–air mixture are determined and a method is proposed for calculation of the design parameters of safety devices for vacuum-arc furnaces used to make titanium.

Key words

explosion mixture of hydrogen with air smelting of titanium accident safety devices 

References

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    M. V. Beschastnov, Explosions in Industry. Assessment and Prevention [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar
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    G. G. Smirnov et al., The Design of Safe Equipment for the Chemical and Petrochemical Industries [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Leningrad (1988).Google Scholar
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    N. E. Olkhovskii, Safety Membranes to Protect Equipment in the Chemical, Petrochemical, and Petroleum-Processing Industries [in Russian], Khimiya, Leningrad (1970).Google Scholar
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    O. A. Minaev, Design of Safety Equipment to Protect Against the Impulse of Explosions [in Russian], TsNIINTI, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Mazur
    • 1
  • I. G. Yankovskii
    • 1
  • A. A. Kozlov
    • 1
  • T. V. Ukraintseva
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University)St. PetersburgRussia

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