, Volume 54, Issue 3–4, pp 153–157 | Cite as

Evaluating the efficiency of using bell-less charging apparatuses on blast furnaces


This article discusses important aspects of evaluating the effectiveness of different types of charging apparatuses for blast furnaces, their effect on the distribution of the charge materials in accordance with the prescribed charging program, and the use of modern instruments to monitor the distribution of these materials and the furnace gases in order to ensure efficient operation of the furnace.

Key words

bell-less charging apparatuses distribution of charge materials and indices for its evaluation instruments for monitoring the distribution and the movement of the charge inside the furnace 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nekrasov Institute of Ferrous MetallurgyNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineDnepropetrovskUkraine

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