, Volume 53, Issue 11–12, pp 701–703 | Cite as

Improvement in the efficiency of using ferromanganese in a protective aluminum-containing sheath

  • G. A. Isaev

Some results are presented for a study of an improvement in the efficiency of using ferromanganese due to deposition on the surface of an aluminum-containing film that is a strong deoxidizer. A local zone with a particularly low oxygen content is formed on immersing this material into a melt in an area of manganese dissolution. This makes it possible to increase the degree and stability of ferromanganese assimilation.

Key words

degree of assimilation structure ferromanganese film thickness melting efficiency 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. A. Isaev, V. A. Kudrin, N. A. Smirnov, et al., “Treatment of structural steel with powder materials in a ladle,” Stal, No. 2, 36–38 (1986).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. A. Isaev, “Use of ideas about forming “Local zones” within the volume of molten metal in order to organize steel deoxidation and alloying,” Elektrometallurgiya, No. 3, 28–33 (2009).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. A. Isaev and V. A. Kudrin, “ Conditions for the occurrence of steel refining and alloying reaction on introducing reagents into the depth of metal,” in: Fundamental Studies of Metallurgical Molten Metal Physical Chemistry [in Russian], IKTs, Akademkniga, Moscow (2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moscow State Evening Metallurgical InstituteMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations