Controlling the natural convection flow through a flexible baffle in an L-shaped enclosure


The free convection flow through a flexible baffle in an L-shaped enclosure has been numerically analyzed. The governing equations are introduced in an Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian moving mesh frame. The full governing equations respect to boundary conditions were solved numerically using FEM. A grid-independent test was performed to ensure the accuracy of the results, and the results of the numerical solver are compared with previous works. The influence of the dimensionless parameters, including Rayleigh number, the elasticity modulus and the length of the flexible baffle investigated on the flow and heat transfer. Results indicate that a stiffer baffle tends to resist the fluid flow and inhibits convective heat transfer. For a higher value of Ra, a larger baffle results in more resistance to the flow and inhibits heat transfer, while, at the same time, increases the stress over the baffle.

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g :

Gravity-constant vector

L :

Height of the cavity

W :

Width of the cavity

B :

Length of the flexible baffle

E :

Young’s modulus in dimensional form

d s :

Vector of displacement

f :


F v :

Vector of body force

E τ :

Non-dimensional form of the elasticity modulus

Pr :

Prandtl number

P :

Fluid pressure

k :

Thermal conductivity

t :

Dimensional time

Ra :

Thermal Rayleigh number

w :

The vector of velocity for the mesh motion

T :


u :

Velocity in a vector form

y :

Cartesian coordinate in y direction

x :

Cartesian coordinate in x direction

ρ :


ν :

Poisson’s ratio

σ :

Stress tensor, von Mises stress

τ :

Non-dimensional time

ρ R :

The ratio of the fluid’s density to the structure’s density

β :

Volumetric thermal expansion coefficient

μ :

Dynamic viscosity

α :

Thermal diffusivity

h :

Hot temperature

av :


s :

Flexible baffle

f :


c :

Cold temperature

p :

Membrane partition


The parameters in a dimensional form


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The authors are grateful to the financial support received from the Malaysian Ministry of Education research Grant FRGS/1/2019/STG06/UKM/01/2.

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Correspondence to Ali Chamkha.

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Ghalambaz, M., Mehryan, S.A.M., Alsabery, A.I. et al. Controlling the natural convection flow through a flexible baffle in an L-shaped enclosure. Meccanica 55, 1561–1584 (2020).

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  • Natural convection heat transfer
  • Flexible-baffle
  • Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE)