A gender dimorphism in up-regulation of BACE1 gene expression in schizophrenia
Schizophrenia has long been considered as a devastating brain disorder in which both genetic and environmental factors are involved. The BACE1 gene is one of the most important susceptibility genes for this disorder. However, the changes in BACE1 expression in schizophrenic patients compared with healthy subjects have not been evaluated yet. In this case-control study, we examined BACE1 expression in a group of 50 patients with schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls. The level of BACE1 gene expression was measured using Real-Time PCR. Substantial increase in gene expression was detected in the patients compared with normal individuals (P = 0.001). Furthermore, a gender dimorphism was observed in BACE1 gene expression in the patients in a way that the male patients manifested a statistically significant higher levels of BACE1 expression (P = 0.002). BACE1 might be implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Besides, BACE1 physiology may be gender -based at some levels. Our findings warrant an investigation of BACE1 gene in a larger number of cases and controls.
KeywordsBACE1 Schizophrenia Gender Dimorphism
This study was supported by (grant number 12666) Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no financial or other conflicts of interest in relation to this research and its publication.
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