Hsp90 regulation affects the treatment of glucocorticoid for pancreatitis-induced lung injury
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Glucocorticoids are commonly used for the treatment of pancreatitis and complicated acute lung injury and help to reduce the mortality rates of both. The effect of gene variants in heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), a key chaperone molecule of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), on the therapeutic effect of glucocorticoids is unclear. Our study aims to investigate the different susceptibility to glucocorticoid treatment in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice carrying different Hsp90 genotypes in an animal model of pancreatitis-induced lung injury. Compared with BALB/c mice, C57BL/6 mice have lower mortality rates, decreased water content in their lungs, and a lower level of IL-1 beta in an animal model of acute pancreatitis. C57BL/6 mice show a greater therapeutic effect and increased GR binding activities with glucocorticoid responsive element compared to BALB/c mice after a 0.4 mg/kg dexamethasone (DEX) treatment. Treatment with a higher dose of DEX (4 mg/kg) significantly reduced mortality rates and increased GR-GRE binding activity in both strains of mice, and there was no significant difference between the two strains. DEX did not exert a protective role after geldanamycin, a specific inhibitor of Hsp90, was administered in both strains of mice. Our study revealed that Hsp90 gene variants are responsible for the greater therapeutic effect of DEX in C57BL/6 mice compared to BALB/c mice, which implies that combining DEX treatment with Hsp90 regulation would promote the efficiency of DEX and would be an effective way to alleviate the side effects of hormone therapy.
KeywordsAcute pancreatitis Acute lung injury Glucocorticoid receptor Heat shock protein 90
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant 30470988] and the Foundation for the Author of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of China [Grant 200156].
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.
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