Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 335, Issue 1–2, pp 13–17 | Cite as

Association between transforming growth factor β1 polymorphisms and left ventricle hypertrophy in essential hypertensive subjects

  • Hai-Ying Xu
  • Xu-Wei Hou
  • Li-Fang Wang
  • Ning-Fu Wang
  • Jian Xu


Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increases the risk of cardiovascular morbid events in hypertension. TGF-β1 is involved in pathologic states such as cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis; we thus postulate that the TGF-β1 polymorphism is related to LVH in hypertensives. Six hundred and eighty essential hypertensive patients were recruited. Biochemical variables and clinical data were obtained and the determination of LVH was performed by echocardiography. According to the presence of LVH, all subjects were divided into the LVH+ and LVH− group. DNA was obtained, and two coding region polymorphisms of the TGF-β1 gene (+869 Leu→Proat codon 10 and +915 ARG→Pro at codon 25) were analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction. The product was cleaved with the restriction endonucleases. For the polymorphisms of the +869 Leu→Pro at codon 10, there was no marked difference in the distributions of genotypes and the allele frequencies between the LVH+ and LVH− subjects. For +915 Arg→Pro at codon 25, a significant difference in the distributions of genotypes of TGF-β1 was observed. The left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in Arg-Pro genotype carriers was significantly higher than those in the Arg-Arg and Pro-Pro carriers. Multivariate analysis showed that the Arg-Pro genotype was an independent risk factor for LVH (OR 3.23, 95% CI [1.48–5.63, P = 0.002]). The codon 10 genotypes did not show a significant association to LVH. Our data revealed a genetic association of TGF-β1+915 Arg→Pro at codon 25 polymorphism with LVH in a Chinese hypertensive population.


Transforming growth factor β1 Polymorphism Hypertrophy Essential hypertensive 



Transforming growth factor β1


Left ventricular hypertrophy


Left ventricular mass index



This study is supported by a grant from health department of Zhejiang province (2006C068). The authors thank Dr. Han Yunfeng for his help in statistics.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hai-Ying Xu
    • 1
  • Xu-Wei Hou
    • 1
  • Li-Fang Wang
    • 2
  • Ning-Fu Wang
    • 1
  • Jian Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology, Hangzhou First Municipal Hospital and Hangzhou HospitalNanjing Medical UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Basic MedicineZhejiang Medical CollegeHangzhouChina

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