Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 270, Issue 1–2, pp 167–175 | Cite as

Role of Salmonella surface components in immunomodulation of inflammatory mediators

  • Alka Choudhary
  • Ram Prakash Tiwari
  • Ashwani Koul
  • Vishal Chanana
  • Saraswati Gupta
  • Praveen Rishi


Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and its surface components were assessed for their inflammatory potential by footpad oedema test using plethysmometer. Inflammation was found to be the highest when outer membrane proteins (OMPs) were used as inflammagen followed by lipid associated protein-lipopolysaccharide complex (LAP-LPS) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Inflammation produced by OMPs was found to be comparable to that by carrageenan (a known positive inflammagen). However, injection of L-histidine (an antioxidant) prior to administration of carrageenan or Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium inhibited the inflammation, which indicated the involvement of oxidants during inflammatory response. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and nitric oxide (NO) production by peritoneal macrophages from infected mice exhibited a significant increase as compared to those of the immunized mice. In contrast, glutathione production was found to be the maximum in the macrophages taken from OMPs-immunized mice followed by LAP-LPS and LPS alone. The biochemical studies correlated well with histopathological studies of intestinal tissue of animals from various groups. Based upon these parameters, inflammation seems to be modulated by OMPs and LAP-LPS, which may be because of the protein moieties present in the components. Hence, immunization with protein moieties having L-histidine or L-histidine-like structures may suggest an alternative to the potential therapeutic values of anti-inflammatory drugs. Thus the results of this study form the basis for evaluating these antigens (either alone or in combination with polysaccharides) for preventive intervention rather than therapeutic. (Mol Cell Biochem 270: 167–175, 2005)

Key words

Salmonella OMPs LAP-LPS L-histidine inflammation free radicals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alka Choudhary
    • 1
  • Ram Prakash Tiwari
    • 1
  • Ashwani Koul
    • 2
  • Vishal Chanana
    • 1
  • Saraswati Gupta
    • 3
  • Praveen Rishi
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiophysicsPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.University Institute of Pharmaceutical SciencesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

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