Optimal Interpolation of Gravity Maps Using a Modified Neural Network
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This paper proposes an interpolation method based on a modified Kohonen artificial neural network, and is used to interpolate marine gravity data on a regular grid. This method combines accuracy comparable to that of kriging with a much shorter computing time than kriging. It is particularly efficient when both the size of the grid and the quantity of available data are large. Under some hypotheses similar to those of kriging with a trend, the unbiasedness and optimality of the method can be demonstrated. Comparison with kriging with a trend using marine gravity data shows similar results. Although neural interpolation is slightly less efficient, it is more robust outside of the marine data area.
KeywordsKohonen neural network Self-organizing map Universal kriging Optimal interpolation Gravity model
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