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Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 389–398 | Cite as

Microbial corrosion as a manifestation of technogenesis in biofilms formed on surfaces of underground structures

  • I. Kozlova
  • Zh. Kopteva
  • V. Zanina
  • L. Purish
Article
  • 99 Downloads

It is established that the place of formation of an aggressive microbial aggregate is a ferrosphere, which is a soil zone with a thickness to 3 mm contacting directly with the surface of an underground structure. In essence, it is a biofilm in which the biogeochemical activity of corrosion-inducing bacteria manifests itself and the development of electrochemical processes is accelerated. It is shown that, in a biofilm, population changes in bacteria of certain physiological groups, namely, sulfate-reducing, denitrifying, and iron-reducing bacteria, occur. Original data of the formation of sulfate-reducing bacteria in a biofilm at the place of contact with the metal of a binary layer in the form pyrotine and pyrite are obtained. We investigate the architectonics of mono- and binary biofilms formed by destructor bacteria of protective coatings. Using the method of confocal laser scanning microscopy, it is established that, in the basal part of the binary biofilm, on the surface of a butyl-rubber layer of the coating, bacteria of the genus Arthrobacter, which accelerate its degradation, are located. An efficient method of protection of materials from microbial damages is the introduction of biocide, which coagulates proteins and oxidizes sulfhydryl groups in structures of proteins, into their composition, which leads to the death of cells of microorganisms.

Keywords

microbial corrosion biofilm destructor bacteria biomineralization protective coatings 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Microbiology and VirologyUkrainian National Academy of SciencesKyivUkraine

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