Advertisement

Marine Geophysical Research

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 419–421 | Cite as

Claus Prodehl and Walter D. Mooney: Exploring the earth’s crust: history and results of controlled-source seismology

GSA Memoir 208
  • Ralph A. Stephen
Book review

Prodehl and Mooney have done an impressive service to the community in providing this compendium of controlled-source seismic studies of the earth’s crust carried out to 2005. It is a remarkable piece of work. The book will be a valuable resource for students and researches in earth sciences for many years to come.

The chapter on the “History of controlled-source seismology” provides an excellent introduction to the data sets and experiments that are discussed in the remainder of the book. It is strange that for such a large book there is no index and, as a result, it is awkward to find material of interest. Consequently this chapter is especially necessary.

The chapter on “The first 100 years (1845–1945)” does for controlled-source seismology what Love’s (1927) “Historical Introduction” did for the theory of elasticity and Dewey and Byerly (1969) did for seismometry. Given the importance and ubiquity of the term “Mohorovičić Discontinuity” it would be interesting to know who first...

References

  1. Adams LH, Williamson ED (1923) On the compressibility of minerals and rocks at high pressures. Frankl Inst J 195:475–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bascom W (1961) A hole in the bottom of the sea. Doubleday, New York, p 352Google Scholar
  3. Birch F (1952) Elasticity and constitution of the earth’s interior. J Geophys Res 57:227–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Birch F, Bancroft D (1938) The effect of pressure on the rigidity of rocks. J Geol 46(59–87):113–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bullard EC (1961) The Mohole. Endeavour 20:188–196Google Scholar
  6. Bullen KE (1947) An introduction to the theory of seismology, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 276Google Scholar
  7. Canales JP, Tucholke BE, Collins JA (2004) Seismic reflection imaging of an oceanic detachment fault: Atlantis megamullion (Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°10′N). Earth Planet Sci Lett 222:543–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dahm CG (1934) A study of dilatational wave velocity in the earth, as a function of depth, based on a comparison of the P, P′, and PcP phases. PhD thesis, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MOGoogle Scholar
  9. Dewey J, Byerly P (1969) The early history of seismometry (to 1900). Bull Seismol Soc Am 59:183–227Google Scholar
  10. Escartin J, Canales JP (2011) Detachments in oceanic lithosphere: deformation, magmatism, fluid flow and ecosystems. EOS Trans Am Geophys Union 92:31. doi: 10.1029/2011EO040003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ewing M, Press F (1955) Seismic measurements in ocean basins. J Mar Res 14:417–422Google Scholar
  12. Fisher O (1889) Physics of the earth’s crust. Macmillan, London, p 60Google Scholar
  13. Fowler CMR (1990) The solid earth: an introduction to global geophysics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 472Google Scholar
  14. Gilluly J (1955) Geologic contrasts between continents and ocean basins. In: Poldervaart A (ed) Crust of the earth, GSA Special Paper 62, Waverly Press, Baltimore, p 7–18Google Scholar
  15. Gilluly J, Waters AC, Woodford AO (1951) Principles of geology. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, p 631Google Scholar
  16. Greenberg DS (1967) Mohole: the anatomy of a fiasco. In: The politics of pure science. The World Publishing Company, New York, p 171–208Google Scholar
  17. Gutenberg B (1943) Seismological evidence for roots of mountains. Bull Geol Soc Am 54:473–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gutenberg B, Richter CF (1939) On seismic waves IV. Gerlands Beitr. z. Geophysik 54:94–136Google Scholar
  19. Hess HH (1955a) The oceanic crust. J Mar Res 14:423–439Google Scholar
  20. Hess HH (1955b). Serpentines, orogeny, and epeirogeny. In: Poldervaart A (ed) Crust of the earth, GSA Special Paper 62, Waverly Press, Baltimore, p 391–407Google Scholar
  21. Holmes A (1945) Principles of physical geology. Ronald Press, New York, p 532Google Scholar
  22. Holmes A (1965) Principles of physical geology. Nelson, London, p 1288Google Scholar
  23. Hopkins W (1848) Report on the geological theories of elevation and earthquakes. In: Report of the seventeenth meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science; held at Oxford in June 1847, John Murray, London, p 33–92Google Scholar
  24. Jeffreys H (1926) On near earthquakes. Mon Not R Astron Soc Geophys Suppl 1:385–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jeffreys H (1963) Head waves and the nature of the Mohorovičić discontinuity. Geophys J R Astron Soc 7:412–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jeffreys H (1970) The earth: its origin history and physical construction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 525Google Scholar
  27. Larsen HC, Cannat M, Ceuleneer G, Fruh-Green G, Kodaira S, MacLeod C, Miller J, Seama N, Tatsumi Y, Toomey D (2009) Oceanic crustal structure and formation, In: Szarek R (ed) Thematic review, Report Series No. 2, IODP-MI Office, Hokkaido University, SapporoGoogle Scholar
  28. Lort JM, Matthews DH (1972) Seismic velocities measured in rocks of the Troodos igneous complex. Geophys J R Astron Soc 27:383–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Love AEH (1927) A treatise on the mathematical theory of elasticity. Cambridge University Press, London, p 643Google Scholar
  30. Lovering JF (1958) The nature of the Mohorovicic discontinuity. Trans Am Geophys Union 39:947–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Macelwane JB (1936) Part I: geodynamics. In: Macelwane JB, Sohon FW (eds) Introduction to theoretical seismology. Wiley, New York, p 366Google Scholar
  32. Matthews DH, Lort J, Vertue T, Poster CK, Gass IG (1971) Seismic velocities at the Cypress cutcrop. Nat Phys Sci 231:200–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Milne J (1903) Seismometry and Geite. Nature 67:538–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Milne J (1906) Bakerian lecture—recent advances in seismology. Proc Roy Soc A 77:365–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mintrop L (1930) II. On the history of the seismic method for investigation of underground formations and mineral deposits. Seismos, GmbH, Hanover, p 128Google Scholar
  36. Mintrop L (1947) 100 jahre physikalische erdbebenforschung und spengseismik. Die Naturwissenschaften 34(257–262):289–295. doi: 10.1007/BF00589855 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mohorovičić A (1910) Das bebn vom 8.X.1909. Jahrbuch met. Obs. Zagreb 9:1–63Google Scholar
  38. Mohorovičić A (1992) Translation of A. Mohorovičić ‘s “Earthquake of 8 October 1909”. Geofizika 9:1–55Google Scholar
  39. Mooney WD, Laske G, Masters TG (1998) CRUST 5.1: a global crustal model at 5x5. J Geophys Res 103:727–747. doi: 10.1029/97JB02122 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mooney WD, Prodehl C, Pavlenkova NI (2002) Seismic velocity structure of the continental lithosphere from controlled source data. In: Lee W, Kanamori H, Jennings PC, Kisslinger C (eds) International handbook of earthquake and engineering seismology, part A. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp 887–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Oldham RD (1906) Constitution of the interior of the earth as revealed by earthquakes. Q J Geol Soc 62:456–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. OED Online (2013) Oxford University Press. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/120744?redirectedFrom=mohorovicic+discontinuity. Accessed March 03, 2014
  43. Prodehl C, Johnson RA, Keller GR, Snelson C, Rumpel M-H (2005) Background and overview of previous controlled source seismic studies. In: Karlstrom KE, Keller GR (eds) The Rocky Mountain Region: an evolving lithosphere—tectonics, geochemistry, and geophysics, Geophysical Monograph 154, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, p 201–216Google Scholar
  44. Rutherford E (1907) Some cosmological aspects of radioactivity. J R Astr Soc Can 1:145–165Google Scholar
  45. Shepard FP (1959) The earth beneath the sea. Atheneum, New York, p 275Google Scholar
  46. Shor GG (1954) Crustal structure and reflections from the Mohorovičić discontinuity in southern California. Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  47. Tucholke BE, Lin J (1994) A geological model for the structure of ridge segments in slow spreading ocean crust. J Geophys Res 99:11937–11958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wager LR (1958) Beneath the earth’s crust. Adv Sci 15:31–45Google Scholar
  49. Woolard GP (1960) The crust of the earth. Sci Teach 27:6–11Google Scholar
  50. Worzel JL, Shurbet GL (1955) Gravity interpretations from standard oceanic and continental crustal sections. In: Poldervaart A (ed) Crust of the earth, GSA Special Paper 62, Waverly Press, Baltimore, p 87–100Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA

Personalised recommendations