Marine Geophysical Researches

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 283–288 | Cite as

Persistent volcanic signature observed around Barren Island, Andaman Sea, India

  • C. M. Laluraj
  • K. K. Balachandran
  • P. Sabu
  • S. U. Panampunnayil
Original Paper


This study delineates the formation of a warm pool (>34°C) of air to the west (downwind) of the active volcano of the Barren Island during October–November 2005. Barren Island is located in the Sumatra–Andaman region, about 135 km east of Port Blair, and lies within the Burma microplate, the southern tip of which experienced a submarine earthquake (M w 9.3) causing a tsunami in December 2004. Barren Island is the only volcano, which has shown sustained eruptive activity since shortly after the Great Sumatran Earthquake of December 2004. Our observations require further corroboration to relate how submarine earthquakes activate volcanoes and how far these thermal emissions influence climate changes. Because it links global warming and climate changes to the frequent emissions from a volcano activated by submarine earthquakes, this case study is of special interest to the earth-ocean-atmosphere sciences community.


Andaman Sea Barren Island Volcano Warm air pool Global warming 



We thank Sh. Rasik Ravindra, Director, National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Goa and Dr. S. R. Shetye, Director, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa for the encouragement and Dr. C. T. Achuthankutty, Scientist-in-Charge, NIO, Kochi for critical comments. This study was funded by Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology of the Ministry of Earth Sciences under the project “Biodiversity of phytoplankton and zooplankton in the island ecosystem: Andaman Sea”. Critical comments from Dr. Peter Clift, Dr. Amy E. Draut and an anonymous reviewer helped improve the manuscript considerably. We gratefully acknowledge all staff of FORV Sagar Sampada for the facilities, the Fishing Master and his team of MoES as well as the engineers of NORENCO for assisting in the additional data collection. This is NIO contribution number 4192.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Laluraj
    • 1
  • K. K. Balachandran
    • 1
  • P. Sabu
    • 1
  • S. U. Panampunnayil
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Oceanography, Regional CentreKochiIndia

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