Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 968–977 | Cite as

Measuring Sedentary Behavior During Pregnancy: Comparison Between Self-reported and Objective Measures

  • Miguel Ángel Oviedo-Caro
  • Javier Bueno-Antequera
  • Diego Munguía-Izquierdo


Objectives To quantify and compare the sedentary time estimated by the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) and the sedentary time objectively measured by a multi-sensor monitor (SWA) in pregnant women. Methods One hundred eighty-six participants answered the SBQ and wore the SWA at least 7 valid days. The concordance, correlation, agreement and relative activity levels between both measures of sedentary time were examined. Differences of sedentary time between weekday and weekend and between groups stratified by sociodemographic and clinical characteristic were evaluated by one-way analysis of variance. Results Pregnant women were sedentary the 64% of their waking hours. Television viewing is the most prevalent sedentary behavior. The concordance, correlation, and agreement between SBQ and SWA were weak, yet a significant correlation in weekday and average day sedentary time (r = 0.23 and 0.20, P = 0.001 and 0.008, respectively) was observed. A significant linear trend was found for increasing sedentary time between both methods using a relative activity levels analysis. Conclusions for Practice Pregnant women experience high amount of sedentary time, for approximately half of the day. The SBQ shows a low validity and agreement, but strong ability to rank individuals compared with SWA in pregnant women.


Sedentary behavior Pregnancy Activity monitor Self-report 



The study was funded by Research Group CTS-948 of University Pablo of Olavide. J.B. is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education (grant number FPU13/05130). The authors gratefully acknowledge all women for their collaboration. We also acknowledge the health clinic members involved in the recruitment for their effort and great enthusiasm.

Supplementary material

10995_2018_2473_MOESM1_ESM.tif (252 kb)
Supplemental Figure 1. Bland and Altman plots of the differences between SWA and SBQ for (a) week days, (b) weekend days, and (c) average day sedentary time. The means of the differences (solid lines) and limits of agreement (dashed lines) within ± 2 SDs are shown. Abbreviations: SWA (Sensewear) and SBQ (Sedentary Behaviors Questionnaire) (TIF 251 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel Ángel Oviedo-Caro
    • 1
  • Javier Bueno-Antequera
    • 1
  • Diego Munguía-Izquierdo
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Sports and Computer ScienceUniversity Pablo de OlavideSevilleSpain

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