Measuring Sedentary Behavior During Pregnancy: Comparison Between Self-reported and Objective Measures
Objectives To quantify and compare the sedentary time estimated by the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) and the sedentary time objectively measured by a multi-sensor monitor (SWA) in pregnant women. Methods One hundred eighty-six participants answered the SBQ and wore the SWA at least 7 valid days. The concordance, correlation, agreement and relative activity levels between both measures of sedentary time were examined. Differences of sedentary time between weekday and weekend and between groups stratified by sociodemographic and clinical characteristic were evaluated by one-way analysis of variance. Results Pregnant women were sedentary the 64% of their waking hours. Television viewing is the most prevalent sedentary behavior. The concordance, correlation, and agreement between SBQ and SWA were weak, yet a significant correlation in weekday and average day sedentary time (r = 0.23 and 0.20, P = 0.001 and 0.008, respectively) was observed. A significant linear trend was found for increasing sedentary time between both methods using a relative activity levels analysis. Conclusions for Practice Pregnant women experience high amount of sedentary time, for approximately half of the day. The SBQ shows a low validity and agreement, but strong ability to rank individuals compared with SWA in pregnant women.
KeywordsSedentary behavior Pregnancy Activity monitor Self-report
The study was funded by Research Group CTS-948 of University Pablo of Olavide. J.B. is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education (grant number FPU13/05130). The authors gratefully acknowledge all women for their collaboration. We also acknowledge the health clinic members involved in the recruitment for their effort and great enthusiasm.
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