Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 18, Issue 7, pp 1683–1690 | Cite as

Improving Care for Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes: A Provider Perspective

  • Reena Oza-Frank
  • Jean Y. Ko
  • Andrew Wapner
  • Loren Rodgers
  • Jo M. Bouchard
  • Elizabeth J. Conrey


To identify perceived roles with regard to care for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) history and resources for improving care among women with a history of GDM from the perspective of obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs), certified nurse midwives (CNM), family practitioners, and internists. In 2010, a survey was sent to a random sample of OB/GYNs, CNM, family practitioners, and internists (n = 2,375) in Ohio to assess knowledge, attitudes, and postpartum practices regarding diabetes prevention for women with a history of GDM. A total of 904 practitioners completed the survey (46 %). Over 70 % of CNMs strongly agreed it is part of their job to help women with GDM history improve diet and increase exercise, compared with 60 % of family practitioners/internists and 55 % of OB/GYNs (p < 0.001). More OB/GYNs and CNMs identified a need for more local nutrition specialists and patient education materials, compared with family practitioners/ internists. Between 60 and 70 % of OB/GYNs and CNMs reported lifestyle modification programs and corresponding reimbursement would better support them to provide improved care. Health care providers giving care to women with GDM history have varying perceptions of their roles, however, there was agreement on resources needed to improve care.


Gestational diabetes Diabetes prevention Postpartum care 



Gestational diabetes mellitus


Obstetricians and gynecologists


Certified nurse midwives



Authors would like to thank Ryan Kofran, MSSA, CNM (Case Western Reserve University); Sherry Farr, PhD; Cheryl Robbins, PhD; Patricia Dietz, DrPH (Division of Reproductive Health, CDC); Norma Ryan, PhD, RN; Amy Dunn, RN; Gwen Stacey, RD; Thomas Joyce, MA; Karen Foster; Jessica Londeree; Cynthia Shellhaas, MD, MPH (The Ohio Department of Health); The Ohio GDM Collaborative.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reena Oza-Frank
    • 1
  • Jean Y. Ko
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrew Wapner
    • 4
  • Loren Rodgers
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  • Jo M. Bouchard
    • 4
  • Elizabeth J. Conrey
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Center for Perinatal Research, Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s HospitalThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Epidemic Intelligence Service, Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory ServicesCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Division of Reproductive HealthCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Ohio Department of HealthColumbusUSA
  5. 5.Immunization Services DivisionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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