Kinetics and Catalysis

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 660–668 | Cite as

New Catalysts of the Metal-Filamentary Carbon Type: From Fundamental Research to Technology

  • V. V. Molchanov
  • V. V. Chesnokov
  • R. A. Buyanov
  • N. A. Zaitsev
  • V. I. Zaikovskii


A principally new basic catalytic system is developed. The system is based on dispersed metal particles incorporated into carbon filaments by the catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons on these particles. The basic system enables one to synthesize a series of catalysts for different processes. Mechanisms and methods for controlling the catalytic properties of this system are studied. The role of the crystal faces of the metal particles and of chemisorbed hydrogen species in selective hydrogenation is established. The chemical composition of the active component is optimized for the removal of acetylene from ethylene and of butadiene from butenes. A technology for catalyst precursor preparation is developed, which includes a mechanochemical activation stage and the shaping of the resulting powder. Optimum conditions are found for hydrocarbon decomposition in order to obtain metal-carbon catalysts for selective hydrogenation.


Hydrocarbon Acetylene Butene Catalytic Property Metal Particle 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    USSR Inventor's Certificate no. 1327957, Byull. Izobret., 1987, no. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bagrii, E.I., Tret'yakov, V.F., Trusova, E.A., et al., Neftekhimiya, 1991, vol. 31, no.2, p. 236.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Simagina, V.I., Stoyanova, I.V., Yakovlev, V.T., et al., Proc. 4th Eur. East-West Conf. & Exhibition on Material & Process, St. Petersburg, 1993, p. 20.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baker, R.T.K. and Harris, P.S., Chemistry and Physics of Carbon, New York: Marcel Dekker, 1978, vol. 11, p. 83.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Downs, W.B. and Baker, R.T.K., Carbon, 1991, vol. 29, no.8, p. 1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Molchanov, V.V., Chesnokov, V.V., Buyanov, R.A., and Zaitseva, N.A., Kinet. Katal., 1998, vol. 39, no.3, p. 407.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shultz, J.F., Karn, F.S., Anderson, R.B., and Hofer, L.J.E., Fuel, 1961, vol. 40, no.3, p. 181.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bobrov, N.N., Bobrova, I.I., and Sobyanin, V.A., Kinet. Katal., 1993, vol. 34, no.4, p. 686.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Buyanova, N.E., Karnaukhov, A.P., Kefeli, L.M., et al., Kinet. Katal., 1967, vol. 8, no.4, p. 868.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    RF Patent 2096083, 1997.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Molchanov, V.V., Chesnokov, V.V., Buyanov, R.A., et al., Kinet. Katal., 1998, vol. 39, no.3, p. 416.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chesnokov, V.V., Zaikovskii, V.I., Buyanov, R.A., et al., Kinet. Katal., 1994, vol. 35, no.1, p. 146.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zaitseva, N.A., Molchanov, V.V., Chesnokov, V.V., et al., Kinet. Katal., 2003, vol. 44, no.1, p. 140.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Savchenko, V.I. and Boreskov, G.K., Kinet. Katal., 1968, vol. 9, no.1, p. 142.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Christmann, R., Shober, O., Ertl, G., and Neumann, M., J. Chem. Phys., 1974, vol. 60, no.11, p. 4528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Molchanov
    • 1
  • V. V. Chesnokov
    • 1
  • R. A. Buyanov
    • 1
  • N. A. Zaitsev
    • 1
  • V. I. Zaikovskii
    • 1
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations