Numerical simulation of the effect of chimney configuration on the performance of a solar chimney power plant

A Correction to this article was published on 16 April 2021

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Previous studies have shown that the crosswind reduces the output power of a SCPP (solar chimney power plant) with the deflection of the plume at the exit and separation of wind flow there at the downstream. The present numerical investigation was focused on the effect of the stack configuration on the performance of a SCPP. In this paper, the SCPP of the prototype in Manzanares was simulated, where the Boussinesq approximation was used for solving the continuity, Navier–Stokes and energy equations by the standard k-epsilon turbulence model in finite volume method. Governing parameters are taken as oblique angles from 27° to 45° and wind velocity from 0 to 10 m s−1. Investigation revealed that by changing the stack configuration, the performance of the SCPP could be improved. Numerical simulation of the conventional chimney was compared with the simulation data of the proposed altered chimney geometry (outlet bevel cutting) and observed that the throttling effect on the outlet of the chimney could be reduced. It was noticed that by changing the chimney oblique angle from 27° to 45°, the efficiency of the power plant was dropped. Further, the results illustrated that the oblique angle relies on the wind velocity and it needs to increase with the increase in the wind velocity to obtain a reasonable change in power output. The present investigation was further enhanced to incorporate a comparison of solar chimney power output in two cities (Kuala Lumpur and Kerman) for a better understanding of the effect of environment on constructing the solar tower power plant. The result shows that Kuala Lumpur is appropriated for the installation of SCPP although, the Kerman is suitable too, but the wind velocity in that city is higher than that in Kuala Lumpur.

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Change history


A :

Area (m2)


Specific heat (J kg K−1)

G :

Global solar radiation (W m−2)

g :

Gravitational acceleration (M s−2)

H :

Height (m)

h r :

Roof height above ground (m)

h total :

Total enthalpy (J kg−1)

\(\dot{m}\) :

Flow rate (kg s−1)

P :

Power (W)

p :

Pressure (Pa)

Q :

Heat (W)


Heat flux (W m−2)

r :

Collector radius (m)

S E :

Source term in the energy equation (W/m−3)

S M :

Source term in the momentum equation (kg m−2 s−2)

T :

Absolute temperature (K)

u :

Velocity (M s−1)

u t :

Average flow speed (M s−1)

\(\forall\) :

Volume (m3)

t :

Output power (W)


General coordinate (m

α :

Thermal diffusion coefficient (m2 s−1)

α t :

Eddy thermal diffusion coefficient (m2 s−1)

μ :

Viscosity (kg m s−1)

μ t :

Eddy viscosity (kg m s−1)

β :

Coefficient of volumetric thermal expansion (1 K−1)

η :


ρ :

Density (kg m−3)

ρ t :

Average air density (kg m−3)

δ :

Kronecker delta






Component i


Component j






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Funding was provided by Universiti Malaya (Grant No. If056-2019).

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Correspondence to Mazdak Arzpeyma or Saad Mekhilef or Kazi Md. Salim Newaz.

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Arzpeyma, M., Mekhilef, S., Newaz, K.M.S. et al. Numerical simulation of the effect of chimney configuration on the performance of a solar chimney power plant. J Therm Anal Calorim (2021).

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  • CFD
  • Solar chimney
  • Stack configuration
  • Wind effect
  • Climate change