The performance evaluation of a low-temperature adiabatic calorimeter with melting parameters and purity measurement of the benzene


A low-temperature adiabatic calorimeter was developed by Shandong Nonmetallic materials Institute in 2019, and the structure and mechanism were introduced briefly in this work. The heat capacities of the sample cells were measured and evaluated to improve the accuracy of the device. A high-purity benzene sample was selected as test sample to evaluate it molar heat capacity among the solid, solid–liquid interface and liquid state, and the results were generally consistent with the literature values. The melting point and molar heat enthalpy were calculated as 278.221 K and 9.814 kJ mol−1 based on the Raoult’s law, respectively. Measurement results were compared with literature data, and that indicated the adiabatic calorimeter possessed adequate accuracy in the thermodynamic properties measurement. A remarkable curvature of T − 1/F curve was appeared, and further researches were necessary to amend the purity calculation.

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Correspondence to Kai Yao.

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Yao, K., Liu, Y., Wang, X. et al. The performance evaluation of a low-temperature adiabatic calorimeter with melting parameters and purity measurement of the benzene. J Therm Anal Calorim (2021).

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  • Melting point
  • Heat capacity
  • Molar melting enthalpy
  • Purity
  • Adiabatic calorimeter
  • Benzene