Effect of a novel compound nucleating agent calcium sulfate whisker/β-nucleating agent dicyclohexyl-terephthalamide on crystallization and melting behavior of isotactic polypropylene
The silane coupling agent KH-550 was used to perform surface modification on calcium sulfate whiskers (CSW). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize the effect of surface modification on enhancing the compatibility of CSW with isotactic polypropylene (iPP). Subsequently, the synergetic effect of CSW modified by KH-550 (K-CSW) and aryl amide β-nucleating agent dicyclohexyl-terephthalamide (commercial name: TMB-5) on increasing the relative content of β-crystals and the peak crystallization temperature of iPP was studied. The results showed that KH-550 was a suitable surfactant for surface modification of CSW and K-CSW had certain β-nucleating abilities for iPP. Moreover, for iPP nucleated with the K-CSW/TMB-5, the higher peak crystallization temperature and relative content of β-crystals (Kβ = 0.84) were achieved, which were obviously better than those of iPP nucleated with K-CSW or TMB-5 independently, demonstrating that K-CSW/TMB-5 was a novel highly efficient compound β-nucleating agent for iPP and had certain synergistic effect for formation of β crystals.
KeywordsCompound nucleating agent Calcium sulfate whiskers Isotactic polypropylene Synergistic effect
This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21376031), Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (Grant No. 16A004) and the Research Innovation Program for College Graduates of Hunan Province (Grant No. CX2016B416).
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